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Evidence for the linkage of survival of anadromous Arctic char and brown trout during winter to marine growth during the previous summer

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Evidence for the linkage of survival of anadromous Arctic char and brown trout during winter to marine growth during the previous summer

 

Data from a 25-year study of anadromous Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus) and brown trout (Salmo trutta) in the River Halselva provided evidence that survival during winter was linked to marine growth during the previous summer.

The study supported the “critical size and critical period” hypothesis, which postulates that regulation of the abundance of adult salmonids occurs in two major phases. The first phase is marine mortality that occurs shortly after smolts enter salt water, and the second is during the following winter, when individuals that have not attained a critical size are unable to meet minimum metabolic requirements and die. In the present study, growth during summer appeared to be more important to winter survival than body size. Size-selective mortality occurred both at sea during summer and in fresh water during winter and was more evident for first-time migrants than repeat migrants.

 

Link:

http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/10.1139/cjfas-2017-0077#.W77YOdSLRkh

 

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